Effect of Methanolic Leaf Extract on Acalypha Wilkesiana on Weight Parameters in Paracetamol Induced Hepatoxicity in Male Rats
Content Structure of Effect of Methanolic Leaf Extract on Acalypha Wilkesiana on Weight Parameters in Paracetamol Induced Hepatoxicity in Male Rats
The abstract contains the research problem, the objectives, methodology, results, and recommendations
- Chapter one of this thesis or project materials contains the background to the study, the research problem, the research questions, research objectives, research hypotheses, significance of the study, the scope of the study, organization of the study, and the operational definition of terms.
- Chapter two contains relevant literature on the issue under investigation. The chapter is divided into five parts which are the conceptual review, theoretical review, empirical review, conceptual framework, and gaps in research
- Chapter three contains the research design, study area, population, sample size and sampling technique, validity, reliability, source of data, operationalization of variables, research models, and data analysis method
- Chapter four contains the data analysis and the discussion of the findings
- Chapter five contains the summary of findings, conclusions, recommendations, contributions to knowledge, and recommendations for further studies.
- References: The references are in APA
Introduction Of Effect of Methanolic Leaf Extract on Acalypha Wilkesiana on Weight Parameters in Paracetamol Induced Hepatoxicity in Male Rats
PLANT MATERIALS FOR ANALYSIS
Fresh mature plants of Acalypha wilkesiana were collected from the natural habitat in October within Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. The plant was authenticated in the Department of Botany, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. The leaves were picked, washed in distilled water air dried and weighed. The weight of the leaf was 0.1kg. The dried leaves were pounded to powdered form using a motar and pestle. The leaf powder was suspended in methanol for 24hours before filtering with a white filter cloth and boiled for 30minutes. The resulting methanol extract was allowed to attain room temperature and was evaporated to dryness using a water bath as a source of heat. The percentage yield of the extract was 6.41% (w/v). The pasty residue was used to prepare a standardized solution of the leaf extract in calculated amount of distilled water with standardized concentration of 0.46 g/ml. The standardized solution (the stock solution) was stored air tight in plastic bottles and kept frozen.
Exactly twenty four male albino rats weighing 148 ± 30g obtained from the Animal Holding Unit of the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IART) Apata-Ibadan, Nigeria were used for the study. The rats were fed with Guinea grower mash (product of bendel feeds and flour mills Ltd, Ewu, Edo state, Nigeria). The rats were grouped into four (4) groups, each groups consisting of six (6) rats.
The instruments used for this analysis include;
- Beam weigh balance
- Electronic weigh balance
EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS AND PROCEDURE
The Twenty Four Male albino rats were randomly grouped into four consisting of six rats per group. The rats were kept in cages made of wooden frames and metal iron and were fed ad libitum (access to food and water for 24hours each day). The rats were fed with guinea grower mash and tap water with 12hours light and dark cycle. The cages were cleaned every morning and disinfected every day. The rats were allowed to acclimatize for seven days before extract administration was commenced. Calculated amount of methanolic leaf extract of Acalypha wilkesiana were constituted in distilled water from the stock solution to give doses of 500,500 and 1000 mg/kg body weight of paracetamol, vitamin C and leaf extract respectively and administered to the various groups as illustrated below;
GROUP A: Control received 1ml of distilled water
GROUP B: Received 500mg/kg body weight of paracetamol
GROUP C: Received 500mg/kg paracetamol and vitamin C
GROUP D: Received 500mg/kg paracetamol and 1000mg/kg leaf extract.
Prior to the administration of methanolic leaf extract of Acalypha wilkesiana at every interval of seven days, the body weights of the animals were recorded. Administration of methanolic leaf extract of Acalypha wilkesiana was performed orally once daily between 8:30am ± 30 minutes, using metal cannula attached to a 2ml syringe prior to the administration of methanolic leaf extract of Acalypha Wilkesiana at every interval of seven days, the body weights of the animals were recorded.