Pipeline Vandalization in Africa
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The study concludes that the actions of the militant groups is a serious economic sabotage which if allowed to go unchecked will continue to be having a devastating effect on the country’s economy. The activities of the vandals no doubt, result to insecurity, colossal Oil revenue losses, drop in electricity generation and general damage to pipeline infrastructure and environmental pollution which negatively affects investment opportunities and business prosperity. The implication to business activities is that, vandalism results to scarcity of PMS and subsequent increase in the price of fuel at a black market rates, insecure business environment, incessant power failure which grounded many businesses activities and subsequently, retard country’s economic growth and development that affects the general standard of living of the Nigerian citizens.
Based on the above conclusion, we make the following recommendations:
- Federal Government of Nigeria should through the NNPC collaborate with the nation’s military and other security agencies to ensure adequate policing and protection of critical pipeline infrastructure throughout the country so as to checkmate the activities of pipeline vandals which is having a devastating effects on the country’s
- The National Assembly should review its legislation on pipeline vandals in the country to ensure stiffer penalties for the perpetrators so as to guard against future occurrence and put a stop to the economic sabotage which paralyzes business
- Multi-national Oil Companies into the exploration activities in the Niger- Delta region, should be encouraged by government to be more involved in some socially responsible actions through the provision of some basic amenities, scholarships and sponsorship of some major events to help assist the immediate communities in which they operate, as this will go long way in reducing the tension and clamour for all forms of political and militant agitations which has become the order of the day in the
- Federal Government should be sincere in it implementation of insurgency developmental programmes as pledged by ensuring that all areas of understanding as agreed with leaders of the Niger-Delta are met so as to restore confidence in the leadership which will bring about the much needed lasting peace that will result to increase in Oil production and subsequently, increase in Oil revenue and economic growth and development.
- The endemic corruption associated with Niger Delta Development Company (NDDC), Ministry of Niger-Delta and all amnesty programmes in the Niger Delta should be dealt with head-on by the anti- corruption agencies (EFCC & ICPC) in Nigeria as doing so will ensure that all proposed schemes/projects were executed in line with contractual specifications for the betterment of all members of the
- Federal Government should device new measures of lying standard pipeline infrastructure in line with global best practices so that the incidence of pipeline vandalism will be eradicated or reduced to it bear rest
Contributions to Knowledge
The study makes three unique contributions to existing knowledge. Firstly, the study contributed in the understanding of the implications of Oil pipeline vandalism on business activities in Nigeria. Secondly, the study identify some variables that are unique to the Nigerian environment such as militancy, insurgency and vandalism as the major problem affecting the country’s economy. Finally, the study contributes to the need for peaceful co- existence under which a successful business activity could thrive which will subsequently result to economic growth and development.
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