Indiscipline and Its Effect on Children’s Academic Performance in Primary Schools
CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This research project is designed to investigate the causes of indiscipline in primary schools. The indiscipline among primary school pupil manifested itself in many forms, viz violent demonstrations which has often led to destruction of school properties, abuse of fellow pupil, stealing and cheating at examinations, disregard to authorities, etc. The fieldwork of project was carried out in Igueben Local Government Area of Edo State.
The five hypotheses used touched on the following assumptions:
- Home Background/socio-economic status has influence on pupil’ discipline.
- Peer group influence on pupil’ discipline
- Poor morals influence on pupil’ discipline
- Much importance attached to paper qualifications.
- Societal emphasis on paper qualifications.
The total populations of the schools sampled were one hundred (100). That is twenty from each school, the number of pupil were made up of 39 males and 61 females. The main instrument used for the study was the questionnaire. The instrument used to collect the data touched on the five hypotheses raised. Beside the fourteen questions on the questionnaire, there were others which asked about sex, age, marital status and educational status.
The causal factors of acts of indiscipline in our primary schools were so varied that research of this nature, which covered such a small area like Igueben Local Government Area could not claim to be exhaustive.
However, efforts were made to direct attention to some of the factors that aggravated the acts of indiscipline in primary schools. The factors had been looked at from different view points. Prominent among these included home background, socio-economic, peer group, poor moral influence and societal emphasis on paper qualification.
From the data collected and analyzed, it became evident that all of them influenced discipline in school though in negative form.
The highlight of the whole exercise lies on the much importance attached to paper qualification. This reveals that 60% of the respondents maintained many of the pupil cheat at examination to get the high grade required by W.A.E.C. and institutions of higher learning. If the examinations system is abolished in our primary schools and continuous assessment of pupil performances considered, no pupil would be tempted to cheat at examinations.
It is justifiable to conclude that though many factors are responsible for indiscipline among primary school pupil but the root causes was the much importance attached to paper qualifications in our primary school system.
The major causes of indiscipline among primary school pupil have been exposed, it envisaged that the following recommendations will enable government and the society in general to minimize or eradicate indiscipline in schools. Based on the outcome of this research, the following suggestions are put forward:
- The system of education should be remodeled to meet the needs of the individuals in the society and the nation. Therefore, self-reliance education starting from the primary school level; vocational courses, like building, carpentry, sewing, electrical and mechanical works, music, should start from primary level and be developed to higher level of education. This will enable holders of primary school certificate and West African School Certificate fit in properly in different aspects of occupation in the society. This will also help to improve to some extent the socio-economic status of the people.
- Both home and school should endeavour to co-operate in training of the child. The schools cannot operate in isolation, therefore, when dealing with pupil’ problem, the school needs the support of parents. The school is a part of the society, what happens in the school must reflect the societal norms. This in essence, means that if the society is discipline there will be less disciplinary problem in the schools.
- There should be in existence a democratic style of school administration. The school administrators should be transparent in their administration. The school prefect should be involved in the administration of the school. The principals should avoid an authoritarian style of school management. There must exist in schools Parents-Teacher Association (PTA). The PTA must be involved in the administration of schools. PTA meeting will enhance the opportunity for parents and teacher to ensure high discipline among pupil.
- The government through its Ministry of Education should always make available funds, and human resources. teachers’ salaries should be paid regularly to enhance effective teaching and learning. Mid-day meals should be provided in schools to enable both the pupil and teachers accomplish the task of learning and teaching in our schools.
- Communication: There must be enough communication between the school and the pupil. School administrators must always keep the teachers and pupil well informed of the recent news. This will help to remove rumours, which is associated with indiscipline acts. Every complaint should be properly attended or looked into.
- The members of staff should exhibit mutual cooperation among themselves. They should avoid presenting conflicting standards to their pupil.
Finally, the teacher should realize that the future of this country is in their hands, whether the society recognizes this or not. Therefore, co-operation, honesty, dedication and decency is recommended. If these points are considered, it can help to eradicate disciplinary problem in our primary schools.
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